More than a month after La Palma’s Cumbre Vieja first erupted, it shows no sign of relenting.
With the possibility of the volcano remaining active for months, BBC News spoke to residents whose lives have already been changed forever – and to those who fear the worst is still to come.
In spite of the damage to the most north-westerly of the Canary Islands’ architecture and agriculture, its people remain resilient and determined to stay.
Produced, filmed and edited by Lorna Acquah
Correspondent: Dan Johnson
Producer and Fixer: Esparanza Claramunt
Additional filming: Juan Dominiquez