It’s not happened since January 20, 2019, but the wait of over two years ends on May 26, 2021 when a brief total lunar eclipse comes to North America and the Pacific Rim.
Known colloquially as a “Blood Moon” despite an eclipsed Moon actually appearing a reddish copper color, it’s an event not to be missed if you happen to be on the night-side of Earth at the right time.
Here are seven things you need to know about next week’s “Super Flower Blood Moon Eclipse” to help you better experience this rare event:
1. It’s also 2021’s closest full Moon—a ‘supermoon’
It’s time for a “Super Flower Blood Moon Eclipse!” Say what?
The full Moon on May 26, 2021, is going to be the biggest of the year because it occurs while our satellite is at the closest point to Earth in its slightly elliptical monthly orbit. That’s called perigee, and a few hours before the eclipse the Moon will actually be the closest it gets to Earth this year—222,022 miles/357,311 km.
To the keen-eyed observer the Moon will appear to be about 8% larger than an average-sized full Moon.
The “Flower Moon” part? That comes from the traditional name for May’s full Moon.
MORE FOR YOU
2. It will cause dramatic ‘king tides’ on Earth
The eclipse itself is purely a visual event but the “supermoon” nature of the Moon’s position will mean a very high and very low perigean spring tide—a.k.a. a “king tide—so brings the threat of flooding to coastal areas.
That’s particularly important because …
3. The Pacific Rim will get the best view
As this map shows, the entirety of this eclipse will be visible only to those around the Pacific Rim, from the west coast of the U.S. to the South Pacific, New Zealand, Australia and Eastern Asia.
From the U.S.—notably in Los Angeles and San Francisco—the event happens close to moonset in the western sky during the early hours, so it will hang rather low on the horizon, while in East Asia—including in Hong Kong and Singapore—the full Moon will be eclipsed just after moonrise in the east.
From Hawaii the “Blood Moon” will appear to be high up in the darkest skies of the middle of the night.
4. Totality will be short and bright
A total lunar eclipse occurs when a full Moon passes through Earth’s 870,000 miles/1.4 million km long shadow in space. That happens just occasionally, and it can take anywhere from 105 minutes (like in 2018) to just five minutes (like in 2015).
On May 26, 2021 it will last for just 14 minutes and 30 seconds, not far off that minimum, because instead of traveling through the center of Earth’s shadow it will pass through its northern part, just 21 miles (34 km) from its outer edge.
Consequently the Moon’s northern limb is predicted to be rather bright during totality.
5. The red Moon will be close to a red supergiant star
During the eclipse the Moon will be in the constellation of Scorpius, and about 5° from an enormous star called Antares.
The 15th brightest star in the night sky and unmistakably reddish when viewed with the naked eye, Antares – which means “rival of Mars – is 600 light-years away about 700 times larger than the Sun.
6. The Milky Way may appear during totality
Go outside during a full Moon and try to find the Milky Way. It’s really difficult even if you’re standing beneath clear, dark sky. During a total lunar eclipse the sky’s biggest light-polluter is effectively switched-off. So for 14 mines and 30 seconds no significant sunlight will flood the night sky—and the summer Milky Way may appear.
It’s an incredible fleeting sight during a total lunar eclipse.
That goes double during this particular event because the Moon will be positioned across the constellation Scorpius—home of the arc of our home galaxy. So while you don’t need to find a dark sky to watch the “Blood Moon,” if you do you will get a bonus sight.
7. A ‘Dark Sky Country’ in the South Pacific will get the best view
Though anywhere in the Pacific Ocean is deal for this eclipse, the centerpoint is very close to tiny Niue—a coral atoll in the South Pacific, population 1,500.
A standalone island in the center of a triangle of nations made up of Tonga, Samoa and the Cook Islands—2,400km northeast of New Zealand and the eastern side of the international dateline—Niue has International Dark Sky Community status for its western rim and International Dark Sky Sanctuary status for its central core and east coast.
Disclaimed: I am the editor of WhenIsTheNextEclipse.com
Wishing you clear skies and wide eyes.